These applications of robotics have greatly enhanced the intelligence of military agencies around the world.
The introduction of robotics has transformed the military and defence sector across the world with smart functionalities. Multiple types of robots are crucial for ground missions and to protect a country from future attacks. Robotics helps to augment human capabilities for responding to potential threats without harming human soldiers like neutralizing bombs. The global military and defence robotics market shows a lot of potentials for new applications to have a competitive edge over conventional warfare capabilities. The Governments have started investing millions of dollars into robotics for accelerating military applications. The global military robot industry is expected to hit US$30.83 billion in 2022 with a CAGR of 12.9%. The military and defence sector leverages robotics to provide human soldiers with an advantage at the ground level. Though the integration of artificial intelligence provides automation to these robots, these are still controlled by human soldiers to avoid autonomous random killing.
Top 10 Applications of Robotics in Military and Defence
Wearable robots are thriving in the military and defence industry for helping human soldiers carry heavy pack loads efficiently. The combination of artificial intelligence and robotics provides automation to carry a bulk of supplies from one place to another. These robots reduce the workload of human soldiers to provide opportunities for focusing on other crucial areas for the welfare of a country.
Mobile robots play a wide range of roles in the military and defence industry from reconnaissance patrolling to neutralizing bombs. These mobile robots consist of hi-tech sensors and cameras to perform different missions efficiently and effectively while providing necessary video and images. The robotic arms are also used for neutralizing suspicious objects and bombs without harming any human soldier. These work on wheels, tracks, both and battery-powered with an excellent communication system.
An accurate and secured surveillance system is highly crucial for this industry for the betterment of citizens. The ground-based systems leverage surveillance robots with sufficient weapons and hi-sensor cameras. These cameras with infrared or night vision help to observe the entire building and area of the military and defence without sending in soldiers.
Robotics submarine system
The robotics submarine system is a new application of robotics in the military and defence industry. This enhanced robotics technology helps in multiple different activities underwater such as detecting and inspecting underwater mines, working on anti-submarine operations, protecting navy ships in harbours, and many more. It provides ample opportunities to observe underwater efficiently just like the ground level.
Search and rescue robots
Search and rescue missions are very crucial for this industry to rescue human soldiers from emergency situations. The implementation of robotics has provided search and rescue robots to search, track, and rescue soldiers from multiple different environments like chemical, nuclear, radiological, and biological. It can be operated from a command centre to rescue soldiers from battlefields without confronting any more risk.
Combat robots can play crucial roles in missions with their advanced functionalities. The robots act as a combat support application for multiple activities such as fire support, battle damage management, aerial refuelling, laying mines, electronic warfare, and many more. It consists of a certain degree of automation to minimize collateral damage efficiently and effectively.
EOD robots or “Explosive Ordnance Disposal” robots are popular in this industry for identifying and disarming risky traps, improvising explosive objects, fireworks, and many more. EOD robots can be integrated into bomb detection systems in closed areas, vehicles, or building complexes. These have immense potential in the nearby future to carry a lot of major responsibilities in future missions.
One of the major functionalities of robotics applications is to protect humans from hazardous environments. Fire is one of the main hazardous environments in the military and defence industry. Thus, fire-fighting robots address different kinds of fire situations to avoid major casualties. These can withstand high temperatures while putting down fire with various fire suppressing techniques. Fire-fighting robots use hi-tech sensor cameras, a gas sensor, and a stereo infrared camera for navigating through the smoke.
Swarm of Drones
The military and defence industry is focused on investing millions of dollars in a swarm of drones for powerful observation. These are small-sized surveillance drones with high battery life and high-tech cameras. The cameras are expected to have infrared detection capabilities in the nearby future. The aerial view is very crucial for this industry to observe activities and detect potential threats to combat.
Voice-controlled robotic vehicles
Voice-controlled robotic vehicles rely on the voice commands from the speech recognition module to carry out essential activities. There are speeches as well as pushbuttons with transmitter and receiver circuits for achieving control objectives. The microcontroller sends signals to the motor driver for controlling the movement as per the command signals.
The Future Outlook
Thus, it can be realized that robotics can help improve multi-fold capabilities of the military and defence industry in the nearby tech-driven future. Robotics can bring smiling faces to families of human soldiers for the reduced fear of losing lives on battlefields or neutralizing bombs. The million-dollar investment in robotics can bring some advantage-gaining tactics and strategies to combat potential attacks of enemies. It is expected that the global military robots market will hit US$24.2 billion in 2025 with a CAGR of 10.7%. The military and defence industry should be prepared for replacing conventional processes with advanced technologies to preserve the safety of soldiers as well as citizens.